The headline of this post is not a rhetoric sentence but the feeling of more than 70% of Spanish people, according to the survey published by “El País” last week-end. The most recent Labour Force Survey (EPA, Spanish acronym) can largely explain this spread unrest.
In 2012, 850.000 jobs were destroyed. The unemployment rate reached 26’02% (+ 1% than the former quarterly) and the estimated number of unemployed people was 5.965.400. In fact those figures should be worse because 125.000 Spanish people (mostly highly qualified young people) and 87.000 immigrants have left the country. 57% of young people are unemployed and there are 1.800.000 homes which all of households are unemployed. According to forecasts unemployment will reach 27’5% in 2013. They are the worst indicators of the Spanish history.
Let’s take a look at how change unemployed people lives according to the research commissioned by the most important radio station (“Cadena SER”). 44% of unemployed people have moved to parents or friends homes (7% have lost their homes due to mortgage foreclosures). 10% have bought their car. 14% don’t eat fish or meat anymore and 5% is usual user of food banks. 70% don’t expect to find a job in the next 12 months.
With respect to health, 50% of unemployed people fell into a depression, 40% lose self-confidence or have sleep problems and 30% loose contact with their friends. One out of three unemployed is “energetic poor”, in other words, they can’t afford minimum heating levels at home or taking a hot shower once a week.
And last but not least, the political consequences of unemployment, poverty and hopeless: 66% of unemployed people have lost confidence in democracy and 70% in the European Union.
Both Spanish and European Union leaders seem to be obsessed with bond spreads, deficits or government debts and they don’t perceive the risks of unemployment and social exclusion. They despise several other indicators that show the increasing unrest of more and more people –lot of them ex-middle class- who shout in the Spanish streets “that’s not a crisis, that’s a fraud!” or in front of the Parliament “No, no, no, they don’t represent us!” Or perhaps they are proud of allowing the biggest transfer of wealth and rights from workers to capital in the last century in
Europe. In any case, impunity doesn’t last for ever.
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